What is Lassa fever, and how does it manifest itself?
The symptoms of Lassa fever and whether or not it is contagious are discussed.
What do we know about Lassa fever, which has claimed the life of a person in the United Kingdom, as the disease continues to spread?
Lassa fever was confirmed in a hospital patient in Bedfordshire, and the patient died as a result of the infection. This is the third confirmed case of Lassa fever in the United Kingdom in the last few days.
All three cases of the potentially fatal disease have been linked to recent travel to West Africa, according to the latest information.
But where did the virus come from, what are its symptoms, and how easily it can be spread are all unknowns.
1. What is Lassa fever, and how does it manifest itself?
According to the World Health Organization, Lassa fever is an acute viral haemorrhagic illness caused by a virus belonging to the family Arenaviridae that can last between two and 21 days.
Lassa fever is caused by a virus that belongs to the family Arenaviridae (WHO).
In addition to Benin, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Nigeria, the virus is known to be endemic in the following countries: Liberia; Mali; Sierra Leone; Nigeria; and Sierra Leone.
However, it is possible that it exists in other West African countries as well.
2. What are the signs and symptoms?
After beginning with a fever and aches and pains, the symptoms can progress to include headaches, vomiting, and diarrhoea, among other things.
Victims who suffer from severe cases may experience bleeding from the mouth and nose.
3. What is the mode of transmission and how easy is it to catch?
It is possible for humans to contract Lassa fever by ingesting food that has been contaminated with rodent urine or faeces.
The virus, like Ebola, can be spread through contact with the bodily fluids of a sick person, but it does not spread easily among humans as it does among animals.
According to the World Health Organization, there is no epidemiological evidence that airborne transmission from person to person occurs.
4. What is the severity of Lassa fever?
The majority of people who contract Lassa fever will recover completely, though severe illness is possible.
According to the World Health Organization, the overall case fatality rate is one percent.
However, the observed case-fatality rate among patients admitted to the hospital with severe cases of Lassa fever is 15 percent, according to the data.
Early supportive care, including rehydration and symptomatic treatment, increases the likelihood of survival.
5. How many cases have been reported in the United Kingdom?
A formal identification of the virus was made for the first time in Nigeria, and no cases were reported in the United Kingdom until the 1980s.
Since then, a total of 11 confirmed cases have been reported, including the three cases that have been identified in the last few days.
These are the first confirmed cases of the disease in the United Kingdom since 2009.
In November of this year, three British nationals were flown back to the United Kingdom from Sierra Leone for medical evaluation after having come into close contact with two people who had been diagnosed with Lassa fever.
In the end, however, there were no confirmed cases of Lassa fever.
6. In the United Kingdom, how many people have died?
Since 2000, the virus has claimed the lives of four people in the United Kingdom, according to the UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA).
One person died in 2000, two people died in 2009, and the fourth person died on Friday, according to the authorities.
What are the locations of the current cases in the United Kingdom?
On Wednesday, two cases of the virus were discovered in the east of the United Kingdom.
A third case was confirmed on Friday in a Bedfordshire hospital, but the patient died as a result of his or her condition.